geocoding - the process of converting an address or the name of a landmark or business into a latitude, longitude pair. Sometimes referred to as forward geocoding. Use the search endpoint to do this.
reverse geocoding - the process of converting a latitude, longitude pair into the name and address of the nearest place. Use the reverse endpoint to do this.
coarse geocoding - adds regions and administrative boundaries to the geocoding process. Coarse forward geocoding limits a search to a particular region, while coarse reverse geocoding converts a geographic coordinate pair into the administrative boundary hierarchy containing it, such as from the neighbourhood to the local administrative area, and on up to the country level.
administrative area - a catch-all term for any area that might sub-divide the world, such as a city, neighbourhood, country, continent, etc. Usually, but not always, these correspond to various government administrations, hence administrative area.
gazetteer - a directory of geographical places, with a stable identifier and some number of descriptive properties about that location.
Jawg Places API and developer terms
API endpoint - an architectural style for accessing web resources through a URL. In Jawg Places, available endpoints include search, reverse, and autocomplete. You can construct a URL to send queries and receive responses from Jawg Places.
API key - a code that identifies the developer account without providing a password. Jawg Places requires an API key to interact with the search service. Sign up for an API key at https://www.jawg.io/lab.
autocomplete - enables real-time feedback when entering text for a search, typically, where users start typing and a drop-down list appears where they can choose the term from the list below. Use the autocomplete endpoint to do this.
data source - the datasets available to Jawg Places. Only data sources that have open-source licenses are used.
focus - option to make places closer to a particular location be prioritized and appear higher in the search results list. After all nearby results have been found, additional results will come from the rest of the world, without any further location-based prioritization.
layer - types of places available to Jawg Places and arranged in a hierarchy, such as an address, a venue, a neighbourhood, or a country.
place search - get details on a place if you know the data source, the type of place (such as a venue or address), and the identification number.
structured geocoding - Assigns geographical coordinates to an address, venue, or other location type that has been broken up into its constituent parts. Use the search/structured endpoint to do this.
Other mapping terms
bounding box - a rectangular area defined by two longitudes and two latitudes (the minimum and the maximum latitude, longitude).
cross-origin resource sharing (CORS) - standard allowing a web browser and server to accept requests across domains. Without CORS, browsers may not allow cross-site requests because they could be malicious.
latitude - the distance of a point north or south of the equator. In Jawg Places, latitudes are expressed in decimal degrees.
longitude - the distance of a point east or west. In Jawg Places, longitudes are in relation to the Prime Meridian and expressed in decimal degrees.